How To Reference Interviews In Dissertation Abstract

Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university.

Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.


Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database

Structure:

Last, F.M. (Date published). Title (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from database name. (Accession or Order no.)

 

Example:

Knight, K.A. (2011). Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from MLA International Bibliography Database. (Accession No. 2013420395)

 


Citing a thesis or dissertation from the web

Structure:

Knight, K.A. (2011). Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from MLA International Bibliography Database. (Accession No. 2013420395)

Note: Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title.


Example:

Wilson, P.L. (2011). Pedagogical practices in the teaching of English language in secondary public schools in Parker County (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11801/1/Wilson_umd_0117E_12354.pdf

 


Work on a Website

When you cite a work on a website, begin the entry with the author's last name and initials followed by the publication date of the work. Continue with the title of the work. Conclude by providing the URL of the website.

  • Author's Last Name, A. A. (Date of Publication). Title of work. Retrieved from http://www.site.com
  • Smith, M., & Kovatch, S. (2010, April). Bulimia nervosa: Signs, symptoms, treatment, and help. Retrieved from http://helpguide.org/mental/bulimia_signs_symptoms_causes_treatment.htm

If you need to cite an entire website, you just need to provide the address of the site in your text. The source does not have to be cited in the References list.

Report

Online Database

When you cite a report accessed online from the library databases, begin the entry with the author of the report and the year of publication. Continue with the title of the report italicized. Add the report's number, if available, next to the title. Conclude the entry with the URL of the publisher's homepage.

  • Author's Last Name, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of report (Report No. xxxx). Retrieved from http://www.site.com
  • Euromonitor International. (2012, February 16). Consumer lifestyles in Greece. Retrieved from http://www.euromonitor.com/

Online Web

When you cite a report accessed online from the web, begin the entry with the author's last name and initials followed by the year of publication. Continue with the title of the report italicized. Add the report's number, if available, next to the title in parentheses. Conclude the entry with the "Retrieved from" statement including the publisher (if not stated as an author) and the URL of the source.

  • Author's Last Name, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of report (Report No. xxx). Retrieved from Publisher Name website: http://www.site.com
  • Staklis, S., & Horn, L. (2012). Statistics in brief: New American in postsecondary education: A profile of immigrant and second-generation American undergraduates (Report No. NCES 2012-13). Retrieved from National Center for Education Statistics website: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2012/2012213.pdf

Dissertation

Abstract (Online Database)

When you cite a dissertation abstract retrieved from the library databases, begin the entry with the author's last name and initials followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Continue with the title of the dissertation index/periodical, volume and page number. Conclude with the name of the database and the accession number of the abstract.

  • Author's Last Name, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of dissertation. Title of Dissertation Index/Periodical, xx, pp-pp. Abstract retrieved from database name. (Accession No. xxxxxx)
  • Friedman, S. (2012). The impact of parental divorce on the marital attitudes and intimacy of adults and children of divorce. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 72, 4350. Abstract retrieved from PsycINFO database. (Accession No. 2012-99020-267)

Unpublished Dissertation/Master's Thesis (Online Web)

When you cite an unpublished dissertation/master's thesis accessed from the web, begin the entry with the author's last name and initials followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Continue with the title of the dissertation italicized followed by the label "Doctoral dissertation/Master's thesis", the name of the degree-granting institution and its location. Conclude with the name of the source.

  • Author's Last Name, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation/master's thesis, Name of Degree-Granting Institution, Location). Retrieved from http://www.site.com
  • Birch, R. G. (2012). The impact of information literacy instruction on the library anxiety and information competency of graduate students (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Olivet Nazarene University, Bourbonnais, Illinois). Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.olivet.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article+1037&context+edd_diss

Blog Post

When you cite a blog post begin the entry with the last name and initials (or the screen name, if real name is available) of the person who posts the information, followed by the publication date of the posting. Continue with the title of the blog accompanied by the indication "Web log post" in brackets. Conclude the entry with the URL of the blog.

  • Author's Last Name, A. A./Author's Screen Name. (Date of Posting). Title of blog post [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://www.site.com
  • Hovious, A. (2013, June 14). A developmental view of information literacy [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://designerlibrarian.wordpress.com

Podcast

When you cite a podcast accessed from the web, provide the producer's last name and initials followed by the indication "Producer" in parentheses. Then provide the publication date of the podcast. Continue with the title of the podcast italicized accompanied by the indication "Audio podcast" in brackets. Conclude with the URL of the podcast.

  • Producer's Last Name, A. A. (Producer). (Date of Publication). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.site.com
  • King, M. (Producer). (2013, June 7). Business matters: Privacy and technology [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.bb.co.uk/podcasts/series/business

Interview (Personal)

A personal interview conducted by the researcher is defined by the APA Publication Manual as personal communication. For that reason it is cited only in the body of the assignment. See In-text citations. However if the demands of the course require from you to cite the personal interview in the reference list, use one of the examples that follow.

– or –

  • Interviewee's Last Name, A. A. (Date of Interview). Title of interview/Interviewer: First Name Last Name.
  • Leventakou, F. (2013, June 7). The librarians view about the impact of library instruction on undergraduate students at Deree College/Interviewer: Mary Soile.
  • Interviewee's Last Name, A. A. (Date of Interview). Interview by A. A. Interviewer's Last Name.
  • Leventakou, F. (2013, June 7). Interview by M. Soile.

Film/Video Recording

When you cite a film or a video recording, begin the entry with the primary contributors, the producer or writer and the director. Continue with the release date of the film and the title of the film followed by the medium of recording. Conclude with the country and the studio the film was produced.

  • Producer/Writer, A. A. (Producer/Writer), & Director, A. A. (Director). (Release Date). Title of film [Medium of recording]. Country of Origin: Studio.
  • Baber, J. (Producer), & Fabian, R. (Director). (2008). Sexual stereotypes in the media [DVD]. USA: Films for the Humanities Sciences.

Online Video

When you cite an online video, begin the entry with the producer's name and the date of publication. Continue providing the title of the video followed by the indication [Online video]. Conclude with URL of the source.

  • Producer, A. A. (Date of Publication). Title of online video [Online video]. Retrieved from http://www.site.com
  • APA Help Center. (2012, June 8). Psychology and disaster response [Online video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Oyy5rD-F04

If you consider it necessary, you may place the lecturer's or presenter's name in the producer's position and move the producer's name in the brackets, e.g.: [Online video produced by APA Help Center].

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