Major Dhyan Chand Essay Outline


Major Dhyan Chand was an iconic Indian hockey player who is remembered as a magician of Indian hockey. Major Dhyan Chand is a name that every Indian can say with pride. He was the prime member of Indian hockey team which brought three Olympic gold medals in field hockey. He had great control over dribbling the ball that no one could ever match. He was honored with Padma Bhushan by the governament of india in 1956 for his outstanding contribution to Indian hockey. Major Dhyan Chand’s birthday, August 29, is celebrated as National Sports Day in India. Major sports awards like Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna, Dronacharya awards are presented on this occasion to the sportsperson who has shown tremendous commitment towards the game and made the country proud. Dhyan Chand has scored more than 400 goals during his international career which was ended in 1948.

Major Dhyan Chand (Image Source: Wikipedia)

Dhyan Chand was often called as ‘The Wizard’ by the legends for his magical control over the ball. In Berlin, Adolf Hitler wanted to buy his stick after watching the final match against Germany. Dhyan Chand mesmerized the Japanese by playing with a walking stick when a woman in the stands asked him to play with it. In some places, opposition team players went on to the extent to break his stick to check whether there was any special thing inside the stick as the ball always tends to kiss his stick. Overall, he scored 1000 goals in a career spanning over two decades. During his era there was nothing to record the brilliant play of this magician. If it had recorded, it could have used by this generation as a tutorial lesson. Such was the sheer intelligence he had.

Early career

Dhyan Chand learned to play hockey while he was in the Indian army which he joined at the age of 16. He used to practice during night times and he had to do it under moon light as there were no flood lights at that time. He was selected to play for the Indian hockey team on the tour of New Zealand in 1926 after playing for 4 years at domestic level.


Olympic fame

Indian hockey team made its Olympic debut in 1928 Amsterdam Olympics and went on to won the country’s first ever Olympic gold medal. Major Dhyan Chand was the top scorer of the tournament with 14 goals in just 5 matches with his brilliant piece of game plan. The team received a grand welcome from the authorities and fans. Indian team went on to win the next edition of Olympics also which was held in Los Angeles in 1932. India defeated the host, USA with a margin of 24-1 in the final match, which was a world record at that time. After that Indian hockey team had tours to Europe only to be victorious at each place that they had landed. For the next season of Olympics, Major became captain. This time games were held in Berlin in 1936. The result was same in Berlin too as India clinched the gold medal again. Dhyan Chand scored six goals in the final match against Germany in which India had won with a margin of 8-1. At that time, Indian hockey team was a dominant force in international arena.


Career in Army

During this period his rank showed tremendous improvement in less time as he was the super star of Indian hockey team. He was promoted to Lieutenant rank in 1937. In 1951, he was honored by the Indian National hockey by naming a hockey tournament after him as Dhyan Chand tournament. He retired from Indian army in 1956 at the age of 51. He was with the rank of ‘Major’ at the time of retirement. He had held coaching camps in Rajasthan after his retirement and later appointed as chief coach at National Institute of Patiala.



Though having great legacy he died on 3rd December, 1979 in AIIMS, Delhi in a general ward, which is a tough fact to digest. In final days, Dhyan Chand felt sad as he was short of money and was badly ignored by the nation.Two months before he died, Dhyan Chand made a statement that shows his state of mind, “When I die, the world will cry, but India’s people will not shed a tear for me, I know them.” His autobiography “Goal” was published by Sport & Pastime, Chennai in 1952. His son, Ashok Kumar Singh was a member of indian hockey team which won the 1975 World Championship.

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Dhyan Chand, Indian Hockey Player
Dhyan Chand, famously known as the hockey wizard, was one of the greatest hockey players of India and was honoured with the Padma Bhushan.
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 Dhyan Chand was the most famous Indian hockey players of all time. Major Dhyan Chand Singh was a legendary centre-forward in the game of hockey. Dhyan Chand is remembered for his goal-scoring feats, first as a player and afterwards as Captain of Indian hockey team.

He won 3 Olympic Gold Medals; in 1928 at Amsterdam, in 1932 at Los Angeles and in 1936 at Berlin; and was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in the year 1956. Dhyan Chand was the elder brother of Roop Singh, his fellow player. Major Dhyan Chand Singh is regarded as a figure of great reverence and several legends about the great hockey player are still famous in the realm of Indian sport.

Early Life of Dhyan Chand
Dhyan Chand was born on the 29th August, 1905 at Prayag in Allahabad .Chand's father, Sameshwar Dutt Singh, served in the Indian Army during British ruleand there he also played hockey. Dhyan Chand Singh had two brothers; Roop Singh and Mool Singh. Due to several army transfers of his father, Chand's family continuously moved to different cities and it hampered his study.

Therefore, Dhyan Chand had to leave his studies after class six. His family settled finally in Jhansi. From his childhood, Dhyan Chand never had any serious interest towards sports, although he loved wrestling. Dhyan Chand Singh joined the services of Indian Army when he was 16 years old in the year 1922. Subedar-Major Bale Tiwari discovered the dribbling skills of Dhyan Chand and helped him develop his skills.

A great enthusiast of hockey, Tiwari noticed the talent of Chand and became the mentor of Dhyan Chand and set the foundations of Chand's career in hockey. Later Pankaj Gupta became the first Coach of Dhyan Singh. Seeing the budding spirit of his student he had predicted that one day Dhyan Singh would shine like the Moon. As moon in Hindi language is known as Chand, Dhyan Singh came to be known as Dhyan Chand after that.

Career of Dhyan Chand
Between the years from 1922 to 1926, Dhyan Chand Singh played exclusively in the regimental games and the army hockey tournaments. He finally secured a place in the Indian Army team which was scheduled to tour New Zealand.

The Indian Army hockey team won eighteen matches; lost only one and drew two and thus received the praises of all the spectators. When the team returned India, Dhyan Chand immediately got a promotion and became a Lance Naik in the army.

In 1926, Dhyan Chand Singh was included in the Indian Hockey team for the New Zealand tour. In a match at Dannkerke, the team scored twenty goals and Chand scored ten goals alone. India played twenty one matches in the New Zealand tour, and from that they won eighteen, drew two and lost only one match. A total of 192 goals were scored by the team and Dhyan Chand Singh scored more than 100 goals alone. After Chand's return to India, he got a promotion and became Lance Nayak in the Army. In the year 1927, at the London Folkstone Festival, Chand scored a total of thirty six goals out of the total seventy two goals scored by India, in ten matches.

Achievements of Dhyan Chand
Dhyan Chand played in the hockey team of India in the Amsterdam Olympic Games in the year 1928, and he scored 2 of the 3 goals scored in the final game against Netherlands and thus, bagging the Gold Medal for Indian by a 3-0 win. In the year 1932, in the Los Angeles Olympics, Lal Shah Bukhari led the Indian hockey team to win the Gold Medal. In this Olympic, the hockey team of India defeated the United States of America hockey team by 23-1, which stayed as a world record until the same was broken in 2003. Dhyan Chand scored 8 goals from among the 23 goals in that match. In the entire event, Chand scored, in 2 matches, a total of 12 goals.

The Indian hockey team went to the finals of the Berlin Olympics in the year 1932. In the Semi-Finals, they beat France by 10 goals, and prepared themselves to play in the final against Germany. India won the final match along with the Olympic Gold Medal by 8-1. The German dictator Adolf Hitler, purportedly offered Chand a higher designation in the German Army, if he became a German resident, to which Chand denied politely.

In 1956, the 51 years old Dhyan Chand retired from his services in the Indian Army as a Major. The Government of India honoured Chand in 1956 with the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honour of India. He remained the only player of hockey to be honoured by the Padma Bhushan till date. He scored over 1000 goals in his career, from 1926 to 1948.

Dhyan Chand is also known as the Wizard for his outstanding ball control. Dhyan Chand's birthday on 29th August is celebrated as National Sports Day in India. On this day the President gives away sport-related awards such as the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Arjuna Award and Dronacharya Award. Dhyan Chand Award is regarded as India's highest award for lifetime achievement in sports. This award is bestowed annually from 2002 to sporting figures. In his honour even the National Stadium located in Delhi was renamed as Dhyan Chand National Stadium in 2002. "Goal" is the autobiography of Hockey wizard Dhyan Chand, published by Sport & Pastime, Chennai in1952

Retirement of Dhyan Chand
Major Dhyan Chand Singh continued playing hockey till he attained the age of 42 years, and then he retired from hockey in the year 1948. After retiring from Army, Chand taught hockey at coaching camps at Mount Abu in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Afterwards, he was offered the position of Chief Hockey Coach at the National Institute of Sports in Patiala. Dhyan Chand remained in that post for a number of years.

Death of Dhyan Chand
Chand spent the last part of his life in Jhansi, his hometown. He died on the 3rd of December 1979, at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences or AIIMS, Delhi. Dhyan Chand was cremated at the Jhansi Heroes ground in Jhansi, after few initial problems in securing clearance. The Punjab Regiment, of which Chand was a part while he worked in the Indian Army, accorded Major Dhyan Chand Singh with full military honours.

Dhyan Chand was a different kind of person. During matches or at home, he preferred always to keep to himself and was of the opinion that it would be good if one stays silent and just performed his job or duty.

(Last Updated on : 30/10/2012)
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