Why Do We Dream? Essays
631 WordsApr 25th, 20053 Pages
Why do we Dream?
It has been said by researchers that everyone dreams during sleep and it is thought to be a universal psychical feature of our human lives. However, many of us are unable to recall vividly what happens throughout our dreams, if anything at all. Due to this clouded unique nature that is dreaming, most of the knowledge why we dream is largely inconclusive. Nonetheless, after many years of theoretical debate on the subject, three arguments have remained prominent of which I will I will be discussing.
Perhaps the most renowned theory of dreaming comes from the famous psychologist, Dr Sigmund Freud. He proposed that our dreams were likened to a royal road' (Plotnik 2005) to our unconscious thoughts and desires. In this…show more content…
Many have creditably theorised that dreams are extensions of our waking life. It is believed that this close link between our daily lives and that of our dreams acts as a restorative function deeply analysing our current thoughts, fears, concerns, problems and emotions. Researchers have also discovered that our dreaming can exhibit various other tasks including problem solving and the enlightening of creativity. Such occurrences have been proven with musician Paul McCartney having written the famous dream inspired hit yesterday'. He recalls I just woke up one morning and I supposed I'd been dreaming or something and I'd got this little tune in my head' (www0.bbc.co.uk/radio2/soldonsong/songlibrary/indepth/yesterday.shtml).
Dreaming can also be viewed in a more biological sense known as the activation-synthesis theory, in which areas of our brain that are usually inactive while awake, are activated when asleep. The areas stimulated have been found, due to Hobson's brain scans or the 1970's, to be that of visual (visual cortex) and emotional (limbic system) areas of our brain. Such theory explains the random, hallucinatory images induced by dreamers and the disorder of events remembered due to the inaction of thought processing areas (prefrontal cortex).
In all, dreaming is a phenomenon that can generally be argued as serviceable to our being and is certainly fascinating, however it's clear purposes remain uncertain.
Many people are interested about the meaning of their dreams, dreams that occur in different time, different situation and ways. It was an intriguing topic for most people, specially psychologist.Many spend much time and effort studying the space of dream and also it connects to sleep and brain. There are lots of proven evidence, studies and opinions about dream and sleep. However, there are complicated studies that varies, like the stages of sleep that falls to REM sleep. There is also NON-REM sleep that is a contrast for REM sleep and the types of dreams. These types of dreams are Lucid and Non Lucid dreams, Daydreams, Nightmares and Normal dreams, surely one of your dream or my dream falls to any of these type of dreams. Figure out what are the significant meaning of the usual dream. II. MEANING OF DREAM:
Different meaning of dreams. Literally,”dreams are manifestation of shameful unconscious thoughts and emotions that human beings encounter on a daily basis.”- According to Sigmund Freud, one of the first people to propose a theory on dreams.
“Dreams are those forbidden thoughts and urges which are too shameful for our conscious to handle; therefore they are pushed back to our unconscious and are freed while we dream”
“Dreams are rich with symbolism that depict the intent and emotion of human beings”
“Dreaming is define as the subjective experiences of imaginary images, sounds/voices, thoughts or sensations during sleep.”
“Dreaming is an altered state of consciousness in which remembered images and fantasies are temporarily confused with external reality investigators do not yet unlocked why people dream at all, much less why they dream what they do. However, modern methods of study have answered a great questions about dreaming.”
Dream is an undefined word that has a lot of meaning, may it be a dream to be somebody, someday or just the plain dream you have everytime of the day. Most of us, asked the things happened in our dreams and usually, we were confused why these dreams occur. We experience different dreams in different time, situation and ways. There are lots of things we do not know or unexplained events associated in some of our dreams. Meanings literally are just words clearly stated but unreasonably defined and not enough for us to understand what is dream, because dreams are interpreted in different ways. Next, we can stimulate our senses, sayings, beliefs, psychological and scientifical observations about dreams. Let us find out the various definitions and explanations of this intriguing words III.WHEN DOES DREAM OCCUR?
Normally we say that it only occurs in our sleep or when we think of something before going to sleep. In many cases it really does, therefore it only trigger our mind to believe the theory we concluded.
Fun fact about it is that, it may occur anytime of the day may it be in the daylight or night. It can also occur even if you are not asleep, but ofcourse the most common time it occurs is when you are sleeping or what we call REM SLEEP. IV. SLEEP
Sleep seems the opposite of wakefulness, yet the two states have much in common. We think when we sleep,as dream shows, although the type of thinking in dreams departs in various ways from the type we do while awake . We form memories while sleeping, as we know from the fact that we remember dreams. Sleep is not entirely quiescent. Some people walk in their sleep. People who are asleep are not entirely insensitive to the environment: parents are awakend by their baby’s cry. Nor is sleep entirely planless.
Some people can decide to wake at a given time and do so. When you ask a five year old boy what is sleep generally he would say “it is the time when I go to bed and think nothing” Typically, because we think of sleep as our time of relaxation and as our only problem free time. Although we may think that are sleep may be nothing and no time passing, it is in fact a very active process in which we move, we dream, and sometimes we even walk or talk. A.STAGES OF SLEEP
We view sleep as a time we feel quiet, we set aside all of our burdens and spend the night as valuable event of the day, If we take a look closer sleep shows that a good deal of activity occur throughout the night and that what appears to be a total impact of this state of our body.
According to the book of Robert Feldman- Understanding psychology about the topic “Stages of Sleep”-explained-“Much of our knowledge of what happen during sleep comes from electroencephalogran, or EEG, a measurement of electrical activity in the brain. When probes from an EEG machine are attached to the surface of a sleeping person’s scalp and face, it becomes clear that the brain is active throughout the night. It produces electrical discharges with systematic, wavelike patterns that change in height (or amptitude) and speed (or frequency) in regular sequences. Instruments that measure musches and eye movements also reveal a good deal of physical activity.
Base to studies people progress through five distinct stages of sleep during a nights’ rest. From stage 1 to stage 4 and experience the REM sleep- The stage cycles last about 90 minutes. The stages are associated with unique
patterns of brain waves.
The Following Are The Stages of Sleep.
“The state of transition between wakefulness and sleep. Characterized by relatively rapid, low amplitude brain waves.
When we go to sleep, usually we just lay down and relaxed in this way stage 1 happen. Our eyes closed but sometimes appear, as if we were viewing still photos, although this is not true dreaming, its occur later in the night normally. STAGE 2:
“A deeper sleep than that of stage 1, characterized by a slower, more regular wave pattern, along with momentary interruptions of “sleep spindles” During stage 2 sleep, as sleep becomes deeper base to studies half of the total sleep of those in their early twenties experience more regular wave pattern. However, there is what called sprindles, it becomes increasingly difficult to awaken a person from this stage progresses. STAGE 3:
“Sleep characterized by show brain waves, with greater peaks and valleys in the wave pattern than in stage 2 sleep”
As we enter into stage 3 sleep our brain absorb our body need like rest, so as we drift into the 3rd stage brain waves become slower, with higher peaks and slow wave pattern.
“The deepest stage of sleep, during which we are least responsive to outside stimulation. More regular pattern means least responsive to what happening around us, Like for example, why there are people who burnt into fire while sleeping. There are people who can’t even hear what other is saying. These people are under stage 4, they cannot response because of the deep sleep. B.REM SLEEP
REM sleep (or Rapid Eye Movement), it is the 5th stage of sleeping were we experience our dreams.
May it be lucid dream, non lucid dream, daydream or nightmare. It occurs in burst lasting 10-20 seconds according to experiments. Our heart rate increase and brain metabolic rate, and some compared to wakefulness. Our whole body is paralyzed but our heart, diaphragm, eye muscles, intestines and blood vessels are spared.
C.NON REM SLEEP
In NON-REM sleep, is the 4th stage of sleeping where movements of our body is virtually absent, the heart and breathing rates decreases, thou there is an increase in muscle relaxation and the metabolic rate
of the brain decrease up to 30% compared to wakefulness.
D. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN REM SLEEP AND NON REM SLEEP
In non rem sleep our body and mind is very relaxed while in rem sleep our body moves and our brain is likely to be awake in parallel dimension. V.TYPES OF DREAMS
There are different classification of dreams like normal dreams, lucid and non-lucid dreams, nightmare and even daydream. In those types we can say that dream really is not just something that we imagine while we sleep for it can sometimes affect our daily lives or even make us happy just by thinking of it. C. DAYDREAM
It is a mild form of consciousness alteration wherein attention is shifted away from the external situation to focus internally on memories, expectation, and desires. Who would have thought that daydreaming is also a type of dream even if it is in the name itself. Many say that daydream is just a thing you want to happen or what you believe to happen. What we call a manifestation of what we believe. It is categorized as a level of consciousness between sleep and wakefulness. It is also an ASC. Commonly, people daydream when they are alone, relaxed, or in a boring place or subject, or just about to fall asleep. Daydreaming is normal: most teens daydream everyday. E.NIGHTMARE
“Nightmares involving terrifying images like beasts are more common for children than for adults. Another phenomenon, called a night terror, makes some youngster wake up screaming. the nature of the event is unclear, but it tends to happen during slow-wave non-REM sleep in the first two hours of the night. The terrors usually ceases a child”
Nightmares are usually build by the creative minds of children or the unwanted events in the life of adults.
It usually consists of animals, ghosts, werewolves, vampires or something alike that they are scared of.Thou it is really not real but in the mind of children they are real so some cases they may need counselling or therapy from a psychologist to help them get over their nightmare.
In adults these dreams normally don’t bother, since they are matured enough to differentiate real and fantasy. But in other cases their nightmares might have really happened in the past. The normal reason for them dreaming it may be, They are still worried that it may happen again, It may traumatized them, They were abused. Some examples are:
-Emma dreamt of a lion with large teeth that wanting to eat her. So she run as fast as she cannot minding that the lion chasing her is faster and bigger than her. An explanation for this may be because in real life she always run away instead of facing her problems.
Dream is product of our imagination, the sum of all the action taken from our sleep, emotionally, psychologically and mentally. It occurs in any time and in many ways. Dream has a lot of meaning and types. Dream defines scientifically, rationally and verbally by those curious about it. Through its type, the lucid and non-lucid dreams, day dream and nightmare we can categorize our dreams and easily understand it. Dreams also have four stages, it scientifically explains when and how dreams occur. By means of vivid images and brain waves, we got the idea that there is a pattern to follow to reach the explanations of dreams. All in all the ideas being explained and studied by many strengthen the fact that brain penetrate and absorb everything and dreams become its crop.